The gender gap in doing housework is largest in countries with more traditional gender norms for both dual-earner and dual-career couples, especially so in the Transition Post-Socialist cluster i.
Post-communist welfare pathways: Theorizing social policy transformation in Central and Eastern Europe. New patterns of educational pairings affect the decision-making processes related to fertility, as a comparative study based on the EU-SILC panel data on 17 countries reveals Nitsche et al.
Hence, the main research outcomes discussed either from a comparative perspective or based on country-specific studies depict gendered patterns of partnership formation and transitions to parenthood as well as of the organization of family life with emphasis on involved fatherhood.
Labour market developments in the s and s, especially rising educational demands and greater flexibility along with higher levels of job uncertainty, made this paradigm increasingly contested.
On the other hand, high rates of family dissolution can raise fertility rates as second and higher-order partnerships are increasingly formed during the reproductive ages, and couples may opt for joint offspring even if they already have children from previous relationships Thomson The case study of a public administration organization that implemented a one-month paternity leave to be taken over one year, based also on mixed methods, shows limited gender equality effects in terms of gender roles perceptions and participation in care and domestic duties and uptake of paternity leave Valarino ; Valarino and Gauthier Conclusion Because the interplay between family changes and transformation of gender roles is increasingly recognized in contemporary scholarship of the family, in this chapter we addressed both processes in Europe.
The transition from the male breadwinner model to the dual-earner—dual-carer model is more advanced in the Dual-Earner cluster i. Relying on data from the European Labour Force Survey LFS and Eurostat official statistics on population, his co-authored study demonstrates the importance of the mating squeeze for family formation in modern societies De Hauw et al.