Similarly, the share of families without a college degree and low emergency savings has grown, while the respective share among families with a college degree has fallen after the Great Recession.
This means that redistributive policies are needed to break the cycle of deprivation that limits opportunities and threatens social cohesion.
But by and large, these jobs are held by working-class women. The legacy of this occupational segregation remains today: the majority of these caring jobs are still done by women of color, with a disproportionate share held by black women.
Definitions want to be neat and tidy, but this working class lacks the defining center of gravity that manufacturing provided the old working class.
To simplify the analysis, this brief groups people into age groups spanning 10 years—25 to 34 years; 35 to 44 years; 45 to 54 years; 55 to 64 years; and 65 and older.
The attitude of the Telegraph was: who does she think she is? The typical modern definitions of "middle class" tend to ignore the fact that the classical petit-bourgeoisie is and has always been the owner of a small-to medium-sized business whose income is derived almost exclusively from the employment of workers; "middle class" came to refer to the combination of the labour aristocracythe professionalsand the salaried white collar workers.